Wasgamuwa National Park - Sri Lanka
 
History
 
There is historical evidence to that this area had been inhabited by man during the ancient sinhala kingdoms in BC. Giant canal of kalinga (Kalinga Yodha Ela) built in the reign by king parakramabahu in the 12th century while the remains of Malagamuwa, Wilmitiya, Wasgamuwa and Dasthota tanks bear witness to the past prosperity of the area. Kalinga island (Kalinga Duwa) too is an interesting place to visit.

Kadurupitiya, Dagoda, Baduruwayaya Buddha Statue, Malagamuwa stone pillars and other ruins also bear witness to the past glory of the area.

Yudanganapitiya where the armies camped during the battle of kings Dutugemunu and Elara is yet another place of historical importance within the Wasgamawa National park.
Fauna and Flora
Twenty three (23) species of mammals in Sri Lanka have been reported from this park. The most important of them is the wild elephant ( Elphas maximus) the population of which is approximately 150. in addition, one could see the wild buffaloes ( Babalus bubalis) grazing in the grassland while spotted Deer (Axis axis) roaming in the open areas. Occasions where one comes across a Leopard (panthera Pardus) or a sloth bear (Melursus Ursinus) are nor rare. There are also water Monitors (Varanus salvator) and crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris) roaming very often in the water holes within the park.

Of the 428 species of birds reported to be found in Sri Lanka, 143 species are found in this park.
Facilities available for visitors
 
This National park is open to visitors from 6.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. Reservation of Circuit Bungalows or Camp Sites for resident visitors is done by the Head office lf the department of wildlife Conservation. (Only three campsites could be reserved at the park Warden's office)

There are three bungalows within the park and two bungalows outside the park. There are seven campsites for nature lovers to study the natural environment.
 
Getting There
 
Turn off at Hasalaka on the Kandy, Mahiyangana Road and proceed via Wilgamawa upto Wasgamuwa. Visitors from Matale and Polonnaruwa areas can reach Wasgamuwa via Laggala and Wilgamuwa. The Wilgamuwa Japan Bridge provides the easy access to visitors coming from the Mahaweli system-C.

Distances to Major Towns


Colombo - Wasgamuwa via Kandy - 225 km
From Hasalaka - 45 km
From Wilgamuwa (Hettipola) - 16 km
From Laggala - 32 km

Source: Department of Wildlife Conservation, Sri Lanka